Visitor Design pattern

the visitor design pattern is a way of separating an algorithm from an object structure it operates on. A practical result of this separation is the ability to add new operations to existing object structures without modifying those structures. It is one way to easily follow the open/closed principle.

the visitor allows one to add new virtual functions to a family of classes without modifying the classes themselves; instead, one creates a visitor class that implements all of the appropriate specializations of the virtual function. The visitor takes the instance reference as input, and implements the goal

interface CarElementVisitor {
    void visit(Wheel wheel);
    void visit(Engine engine);
    void visit(Body body);
    void visit(Car car);
}

interface CarElement {
    void accept(CarElementVisitor visitor); // CarElements have to provide accept().
}

class Wheel implements CarElement {
    private String name;

    public Wheel(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return this.name;
    }

    public void accept(CarElementVisitor visitor) {
        visitor.visit(this);
    }
}

class Engine implements CarElement {
    public void accept(CarElementVisitor visitor) {
        visitor.visit(this);
    }
}

class Body implements CarElement {
    public void accept(CarElementVisitor visitor) {
        visitor.visit(this);
    }
}

class Car implements CarElement{
    CarElement[] elements;

    public CarElement[] getElements() {
        return elements.clone(); // Return a copy of the array of references.
    }

    public Car() {
        this.elements = new CarElement[]
          { new Wheel("front left"), new Wheel("front right"),
            new Wheel("back left") , new Wheel("back right"),
            new Body(), new Engine() };
    }

    public void accept(CarElementVisitor visitor) {
        for(CarElement element : this.getElements()) {
            element.accept(visitor);
        }
        visitor.visit(this);
    }
}

class CarElementPrintVisitor implements CarElementVisitor {
    public void visit(Wheel wheel) {
        System.out.println("Visiting "+ wheel.getName()
                            + " wheel");
    }

    public void visit(Engine engine) {
        System.out.println("Visiting engine");
    }

    public void visit(Body body) {
        System.out.println("Visiting body");
    }

    public void visit(Car car) {
        System.out.println("Visiting car");
    }
}

class CarElementDoVisitor implements CarElementVisitor {
    public void visit(Wheel wheel) {
        System.out.println("Kicking my "+ wheel.getName() + " wheel");
    }

    public void visit(Engine engine) {
        System.out.println("Starting my engine");
    }

    public void visit(Body body) {
        System.out.println("Moving my body");
    }

    public void visit(Car car) {
        System.out.println("Starting my car");
    }
}

public class VisitorDemo {
    static public void main(String[] args){
        Car car = new Car();
        car.accept(new CarElementPrintVisitor());
        car.accept(new CarElementDoVisitor());
    }
}
Advertisements

About lorddisk

WebCenter Content, WebCenter Portal, WebCenter Sites,Weblogic, Identity and Access Management (IAM),SSO,OAM,OIM,OAAM,OUD, OPAM,OID, OVD ,Oracle API Gateway ,OBIEE,OEDQ, Oracle ADF, Oracle SOA,J2EE, CackePHP ,PHP,J2SE,J2EE,Spring,Hibernate,JQuery,CSS,Java Script ,Joomla,Drupal,Worpress
This entry was posted in Design Patterns. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s